Judicial independence is central in a democratic society governed by the rule of law. It guarantees that everyone has a right to fair trial. International standards related to judicial independence require the government to safeguard institutional and personal guarantees for judges to demonstrate respect for the civil rights of citizens. A very important role also belongs to judicial self-governance in fostering the ability of each judge to resist improper pressure and promote a no tolerance policy to violations of the separations of powers.
Under this objective, the USAID New Justice Program works to strengthen judicial independence and self-governance by supporting constitutional, legislative and regulatory reforms championed by the judiciary, reformist politicians, civil society and academia. The Program also focuses on building institutional capacity of key judicial institutions, along with relevant executive and legislative authorities, to implement these reforms and strengthens self-governance bodies, while also strengthening safeguards to insulate the judiciary from improper political and other external interference.